Parung is a location in which, like many areas in Indonesia, the issue of farm-and-village land conversion into real estate currently takes place. The land was purchased in the early 1990s and developed into farm by a grass-root organization Urban Poor Consortium (UPC) to be strategically located between a property developer’s land and villages, effectively making a “land barricade” that is intended to halt further land encroachment.
UPC looks to build a hall that will function both as a place to train future community organisers and as a community centre to coexist with the existing farm, which serves as the source of food for the land’s caretakers. The abundance of bamboo on site compels its use as the main construction material. In parallel, the existing farming would be renewed in its rotation-crops system in a small scale. Both will look at the engagement of the local community in its construction and practice.
The core architects team is made up of four people who have worked previously in research and mapping of informal settlements (partnering with UPC with grant from UNDP) and the construction of Co-Housing at Kampung Tongkol.
The use of bamboo is a significant driver in engaging the community. We are working with Parahyangan University and ASF-ID in experimenting with ring-lattice structural system. We would like to take this opportunity to learn this structural system (that, to our knowledge, is not common in Indonesia) together with the community and students through workshops: from preservation (with borax and boric acid) to installation. Our experience in running such workshop at Kampung Tongkol showed the possibility of knowledge transfer to other villages.
The existing farm is intended to be gradually converted into organic farm, which includes understanding plants life cycle and farming method. The community aims to work with Genus organic farming community in the training and the making of the calendar of the 10 cycles. Each cycle will require a supervisor and 2 community farmers, making a total of 20 farmers.
As of 29 March 2017, we are nearly completing the community hall, which will immediately be used by the neighbours. 90% of all bamboos used were harvested on site. The coconut tree boards and "hateup" (leaves from palm sugar trees, used for roof) were obtained from within 2km radius. The building process got delayed due to issue we faced with construction and the rain, thus made the
At this stage, we are inching slowly in organising for the organic farm to take shape. We are working with an organic farmer start up group (Genus) that looks at how farming could work at multiple levels:
1. Farming as a method to increase local resource network and increase inter-dependency. For example, there is a goat nearby barn which soil and waste could be traded as fertilizer. We aim to remain resourceful locally.
2. As most houses have garden, the land at UPC could be used as the laboratory.
We are currently trying to figure out a way to fund raise (both for the farm and for part of the money used for the community centre). We wish the completion of the community hall could be used to create a momentum to start working on the farm.
We need funding support for both the community hall and the organic farming.
1. Due to construction overtime (due to very high rain season and construction issue), the cost to build the community hall went over which is currently covered by UPC. We are currently putting together a fundraising team to recoup.
2. Organic Farming
With the completion of the community hall, we are working on phase 2: organic farming.
. For year long farming plan, the total budget is estimated to be US$ 9,300, which includes initial installment cost (incl. tools), acquisition of seeds and organic fertiliser, wages and meals. However, we aim to tryout the feasibility for a shorter duration of 3 months.
Therefore we seek to get funding of estimated $3500 to cover the organic farming tryout: Beginning with 10 beds, incl. land mapping, tools, composter, bio-compost, seeds, utility, land preparation. $1800 (We are mapping available tools in the neighbourhood to be used in order to reduce initial cost. Should we be able to acquire the composter and the bio-composts, the cost will be further reduced.) The tryout will take place until July 2017.
We wish this project could help foster a continuous sense of engagement that relate to the gathering, making and producing skills in bamboo architecture and organic farming. Throughout the year, a series of farming workshops and training courses will take place. Above all, the centre will be open for community events such as wedding ceremonies, community assembly, farm harvesting time, and children play space, enhancing the surrounding environment.
Currently, most of the males in the village work in factory making jeans, while the females arrange beads. However, according to the village chief, well before the arrival of factories, residents were primarily involved in farming and weaving of pandan leaves (which became the main produce of the region).
Therefore, in addition to ecological and communal sustenance, we also wish the farm and further work on the centre could help in making an impact in economic sustenance and, in a sense, a return to self sufficiency. For example at the moment the demand for edible flowers is big in Jakarta market and we see this as one open opportunity.
Bigger than that, this activated landscape of architecture and farming project could be generated as a prototype and advocacy in “land barricading” in other places with similar cases.
Description: Community hall, organic farm and training facilities for UPC and
Design: Kamil Muhammad, Brahmastyo Puji, Theresia Purnomo, Yantri Sinaga
Consultants: Mikael Budianastas (Universitas Parahyangan), Fauzia Anniza, Fransiska Damarratri (ASF-ID), Herman Joseph, Ade Nurhayati (Genus)
Building status: proposal (Buildify submission)
Construction period: September 2016 - March 2017 (community hall)
Needs: supply, funding support
Location: Parung, Regency of Bogor, Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°27'5.4'' S, 106°43'9.7'' E
Tags: bamboo, community, case study, landscape
Project ID: 680
Published: 2 October 2016
Last updated: 28 March 2017
(images have individual licenses)